Australia

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History

Parts of the continent were mapped first in the 17th century. In 1901 six colonies united to form the federal Commonwealth of Australia. In the second half of the 20th century Australia developed a highly diversified economy.

Interesting:

 Archaeological evidence suggests that Australia has been continuously inhabited for more than 60,000 years.

And ... Australian Indigenous art is the oldest ongoing tradition of art in the world.

The Australian Flag

The stars of the Southern Cross represent Australia's geographic position in the Southern Hemisphere. The large Commonwealth star symbolizes the federation of the states and territories, and the Union Jack reflects Australia's early ties to Great Britain.

National Colours

The colours of the national floral emblem, the Golden Wattle, green and gold, are Australia's national colours.

National Day

Australia Day is celebrated each year on 26 January which is the anniversary of the unfurling of the British flag in 1788.

National Holidays - here: Anzac Day, 25 April

Australia has 12 public holidays a year, among them is the Anzac Day.

The Anzac Day, celebrated 25 April, is 

a national day of commemoration for all Australians who have fought in wars. It is the day the Australia and the New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landed at Gallipoli in Turkey in 1915 during World War I.

Unique Flora and Fauna

More than 80 percent of Australia's flora and fauna are unique to Australia, i.e. kangaroos, koalas, wombats, Tasmanian Devil.

Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef in Queensland is one of Australia's most iconic World Heritage and the world's largest coral reef system with about 3,000 coral reefs and around 1,050 islands.

More information can be found in section "About Australia - The land and its people" on the website of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Customs

Like in other countries, there are customs and traditions which are particular to Australia.

Etiquette

Australians are laid back, open and direct. First names are used commonly to address each other.

Greeting

A new acquaintance with

  • a handshake

A friend with

  •  a hug,
  • a kiss on the cheek,
  • a verbal greeting or
  • a combination of all three of them

Clothing

In the city / workplace

  • stylishly dressed

For the weekend

  • jeans, sneakers, casual

Suntan

Australia has the highest rate of skin cancer in the world. So - having a suntan is a sign of foolishness for the Australians.

Food - Some Traditional Australian foods

- Vegemite 

  • black spread made from the yeast extract plus salt
  • spread on toast or sandwiches
  • children are brought up eating it from babyhood

- Meat Pie

- Pavola = dessert with

  • a soft meringue
  • fruit and cream filling

Sporting culture

Australians love sports and just about everyone watches the finals of major sporting events, even if they are not very sportive at all.

There are more then 140 national sporting organisations and almost all the world's sports are played somewhere in Australia.


More information about the culture in Australia can be found on the website  "Countries and their Cultures - Australia" and in section "About Australia - Society and culture" on the website of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

typical day in a family

cost of living

The single items listed below are exemplarily. For more information please see section "Cost of Living in Australia" on the website of Numbeo.

Restaurants

  • Meal, inexpensive restaurant $18,00 AUD
  • McMeal at McDonalds, or equivalent meal $10,00 AUD
  • Domestic Beer (0,5 liter draught) $7,00 AUD
  • Imported Beer (0,33 liter bottle) $8,00 AUD
  • Cappuccino (regular) $4,19 AUD
  • Coke / Pepsi (0,33 liter bottle) $3,18 AUD
  • Water (0,33 liter bottle) $2,63 AUD

Transportation

  • One-way Ticket (Local Transport) $4,00 AUD
  • Monthly Pass (Regular Price) $140,00 AUD
  • Taxi Start (Normal Tariff) $4,00 AUD
  • Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff) $2,17 AUD
  • Taxi 1 hour waiting (Normal Tariff) $49,20 AUD
  • Gasoline ( liter) $1,29 AUD

Leisure

  • Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat $18,00 AUD

Clothing & Shoes

  • 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 or similar) $96,12 AUD
  • 1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, ...) $63,95 AUD
  • 1 Pair of Nike Running Shoes (Mid Range) $132,63 AUD

holidays

Australia celebrates many of the same holidays as do people in the Western world, i.e.

  • Easter
  • Christmas

Besides that, there are some holidays which are unique to Australia and its culture.

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Hi, my name is Anastasiia Vaskova

and I’m responsible for this country information

I have thoroughly researched the information on this page, still I can’t give a guarantee that everything is correct and up-to-date.

If you should find any mistakes, please send me a message.

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