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Irish Flag

The Irish Flag is based on the French tricolor flag. It was given constitutional status under the 1937 Constitution, which established the Republic of Ireland.

The green section symbolises the older majority Gaelic tradition of Ireland, mainly Roman Catholics. The orange section symbolises the mainly Protestant minority and the white section inbetween represents a lasting truce between the two cultures and living together in peace.


The harp is a symbol of the Irish State and is used by Government Departments and Offices. The harp also appears on all Irish coins.

St. Patrick's Day

March 17th is St. Patrick's Day and a National Holiday in Ireland. St. Patrick is credited with bringing Christianity to Ireland and it is said that St. Patrick died March 17th. There are parades held in most towns in Ireland on that day. Many people wear a plant called shamrock  that day. The shamrock, even though not an official symbol of Ireland, is still a widely recognized symbol of Ireland.


Ireland is divided into 32 counties. Most people view themselves and others in terms of what part of Ireland they are from.The Republic of Ireland consists of 26 counties, Northern Ireland of six. Ireland is divided into the four provinces Connaught, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.

  • Carrantuohill in County Kerry is Ireland's highest mountain
  • Shannon is Ireland's longest river
  • Lough Neagh in the province Ulster is Ireland's largest lake


Like in other countries, there are customs and traditions which are particular to Ireland.

Greeting people

Irish people are very friendly. In general, they shake hands when they meet for the first time. Friends hug or just say hello. When they know each other very well, they kiss on the cheek.

Time keeping

Irish people are generally very relaxed about time, i.e. making an arrangement to meet at 8pm means showing up at 8.15pm or even later.


Irish people usually say 'please' and 'thank you', even to the bus driver when getting off the bus.

They also are very orderly and wait in line until it is their turn.

Traditional Irish food

  • Potatoes - in many variations
  • Irish stew - usually consisting of meat, potatoes, onions and carrots
  • Bacon and Cabbage
  • Fry - usually eaten for breakfast. It consists of sausages, bacon, tomato, mushrooms, egg, black & white pudding with soda bread
  • Colcannon - usually consisting of potatoes, cabbage and leeks

More information about the culture in Ireland can be found on the websites "Living in Ireland" and "Irish Culture & Traditions".

typical day in a family


cost of living

The single items listed below are exemplary. For more information please see the section "Cost of Living in Ireland" on the website of Numbeo.


  • Meal, inexpensive restaurant 15,00 EUR
  • McMeal at McDonalds, or equivalent meal 7,80 EUR
  • Domestic Beer (0,5 liter draught) 5,00 EUR
  • Imported Beer (0,33 liter bottle) 5,00 EUR
  • Cappuccino (regular) 2,81 EUR
  • Coke/ Pepsi (0,33 liter bottle) 1,55 EUR
  • Water (0,33 liter bottle) 1,27 EUR


  • One-way Ticket (Local Transport) 2,50 EUR
  • Monthly Pass (Regular Price) 100,00 EUR
  • Taxi Start (Normal Tariff) 4,00 EUR
  • Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff) 1,50 EUR
  • Taxi 1 hour waiting (Normal Tariff) 23,40 EUR
  • Gasoline (1 liter) 1,31 EUR


  • Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat 10,00 EUR

Clothing & Shoes

  • 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 or similar) 72,33 EUR
  • 1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, ...) 34,25 EUR
  • 1 Pair of Nike Running Shoes (Mid-Range) 78,39 EUR


Ireland celebrates many of the same holidays as do people in the other countries of the European Union, i.e.

  • Easter
  • Christmas

Besides that there are some public holidays which are unique to Ireland and its culture, i.e.

  • St. Patrick's Day

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Hi, my name is Davide Contu

and I’m responsible for this country information

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